As soon as all messages of Exchange users are stored in database, we can perform search and, if needed, delete operations against messages. It is needed in some cases for example, when employee sent message with confidentional information to the wrong recipient or you just need to find some message and look into it... there can be a lot of options.
What Exchange 2010/2013/2016 can offer to us in such cases? We can search mailboxes (all or any specific) in database and copy search results into some other mailbox. If needed, we also can delete search results from the source mailboxes.